First Job in the Ukrainian IT – How, When & Why

Your First job is one of the most important decisions you will ever make in your professional career. It’s so important not only because you learn how to be professional, to work in a team, and understand yourself better. But your first job is most important because it puts you on a career path that you will probably follow for a long period of time.

When to start, how to start, what company to choose, and what salary you can expect – all these questions are individual, but there are trends that correspondent to the Ukrainian IT market. A popular IT discussion platform – dou.ua – asked developers about their first job experience. Find results in the blog post below.

The total number of specialists that answered the questions in this survey is 3238.

Combining work and education

83% of those who studied in the IT specialization began working during their senior years – the third year and above:

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What else is interesting is that 55% of those who didn’t choose an IT specialization in the University (that’s a quarter of all respondents), also began to work during their college years:

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First salary

87% of all respondents graduated from college before 2006, so the results for the period from 2006 till 2015 are:

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Work conditions

Not a surprise, that the most popular employer among young specialists in Ukraine is outsourcing companies (44.10%), then it’s product companies (27.69%), and IT departments in all types of companies (18.80%). The huge tech trend of the last few years – startup companies employ more than 5% of all young specialists.

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Most students of senior courses begin working at full-time working hours, while students of junior years prefer a part-time working week.
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Employment

There are 4 most popular cases among young specialists of how they’ve found their first employer. Most employees sent their CVs to companies that were recommended by their friends (47.04%) or they’ve just found the company’s profile on the Internet (45.19%).
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Most people became employed after going to a job interview (58.55%), but do not discard such variants of gaining employment, as passing a company’s courses/internship (22.87%), or a recommendation made by some college lecturers or the friends who are working in some company (18.58%).
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First technology

Up to 2005, most young specialists chose C++ as their first technology, but after this more and more people were choosing PHP and Java (it’s not strange when comparing this to the most popular programming languages among Ukrainian developers nowadays – link):
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During the years of 2009-2015 the priorities for choosing one or another language as the first technology were:
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Motivation

The main reason for choosing any first company is really very simple – no criteria, it is just because the company employed me (73% among all respondents), but what was also was the ability to improve oneself (33%) and flexible working hours (20%):
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What played a great role in gaining employment? Most respondents answers personal qualities (49%), good knowledge of theory (49%), and of course some luck (34%):
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The last but not the least important question was – Why did you decide to work in the IT area? Not strange, that most young specialist chose IT because of their interest in technologies and innovations:
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So the main results are:

  • Most young specialist began to work in their third year of college or later;
  • The most desirable first employer is an outsourcing company;
  • Personal qualities are more important than good theoretical knowledge for getting employed;
  • 60% of all the specialists changed their coding language after a couple years of work;
  • The main reason for choosing IT is a highly-developed tech world, not high salaries.

Source