As we remember from our series of blog posts about the social benefits of IT outsourcing, the Ukrainian IT market, valued at over $5 billion, is one of the most important Ukrainian industries. So it’s always interesting to find out what a typical Ukrainian IT specialist looks like. Today we’d like to talk about the numbers that can characterize the working preferences of IT developers, according to the research done by dou.ua.
Dou.ua conducted a survey last June and prepared informative and colorful infographics about most of the aspects that you may be interested in about the Ukrainian IT developer. The total number of respondents was 8188 or, in other words, one out of every 12 Ukrainian developer answered this survey.
The average age hasn’t changed comparing it to the numbers from last year’s survey. The youngest specialists are front-end developers and non-technical specialists (such as HR, PR, Sales, Marketing). The eldest are executives (top managers), system administrators, and project managers.
Every year we notice that more and more women are working in the IT sector. For example, in 2015 there was one female specialist for every 12 male, in 2013 – one female for every 11 male, in 2014 – one female for every 7 male, in 2015 – one female for every 6 male, in 2016 – one female for every 5 males. For the most part, women are working as QA specialists, designers, and business analysts.
80% of all Ukrainian IT specialists are living in the top 5 largest Ukrainian cities – Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Dnipro, and Odesa. But every year this number is decreasing, as in 2015 it was 84%. That means that IT market is developing in the small cities as well.
By jobs specialization, most IT employees work as developers (55%), QA specialists (15%), and managers (5%). In average, one QA specialist evaluates products that are developed by 4 developers, while one project manager manages 11 developers and 3 QA.
A large part of IT specialists have a working experience of 3-5 years (30%). If we compare the the age and experience numbers, then we can find out that 3% of all IT specialists began to work in the IT while being older than 30 years.
Most IT developers are working as middle specialists (38%), junior (26%), senior (24%), and team leads (12%). Most middle specialists have 2-3 years of experience in IT, while most senior specialists have more than 5 years of experience.
Most Ukrainian developers don’t change their employers so often. 30% of all respondents have been working only in a single company, while 31% have changed the company only at once. Only top managers (executives) and system administrators have changed companies more than 5 times.
Ukrainian developers have different factors of choosing IT as their job specialization. Most specialists chose IT because they like technologies (82%), expect to get high salaries (50%) and perspectives of professional growth (43%), flexible schedule (27%), and ability to travel and work from abroad (21%). It is interesting to mention that most women have answered open-minded team as the main factor for choosing IT.
When choosing a company for work, Ukrainian developers pay attention to salary and bonuses (73% of all respondents), interesting tasks (68%), ability for professional growth (58%) and good working conditions (30%). Good salaries are the key factor of choosing an IT company, but its importance has decreased comparing to 2015, when this factor has been chosen by 85% of all respondents.
52% of all developers like their current projects and tasks. Top managers, designers, and project managers believe that they have the most interesting job, comparing to other IT jobs. System administrators think that their tasks are quite boring.
The same number (52%) says that most developers are satisfied with their salaries. And again, the most satisfied are top manager and project managers. This number is possible because of competitive salaries in the IT market that bring most revenues in foreign currencies.
Almost all developers work in the office of their company (84%). But that’s also interesting that every 5th front-end developer and designer, and every 10th developer work from their own location (apartment). 7% of all developers work remotely.
Most IT specialists are planning their future. So 52% of all developers are dreaming about becoming a senior developer or team lead in 3-5 years. 11% of developers, project managers and designers are thinking about their personal startup project.
Also all respondents had to answer the interesting question – What would you do if you wouldn’t need to earn money? 43% answered that they would still work but fewer hours. 37% would still work in IT just for fun.
So that’s the first part of our blog post about typical Ukrainian developer in 2016. The second one will be about the personal preferences and qualities of the Ukrainian developers.