5 Programming Trends to Look For in 2016

We’re living in one of the most exciting times for technologists and developers. New programming languages, development tools, frameworks and online courses are appearing every day. However, it’s easy to get lost in all of this technology noise. So it may not be obvious where the tech trends are taking us. Read the blog post to find out what to look for in programming trends over the next year.


Martin Purer, TechCruch columnist, developer and mentor, has chosen five programming trends that we should to look out for in 2016.

1. The latest version of JavaScript

ecmascript6

The latest version of ECMAScript (ES6), better known as JavaScript, was released in June 2015 and could make one of the biggest changes in web development since the previous version (ES5) was released in 2009.

Nowadays JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages among worldwide web developers according to programming language popularity by GitHut and Redmonk. Ukrainian developers also prefer JavaScript as the main coding language.

Almost every personal computer and mobile device has a web browser that is capable with JavaScript. Thus new features of ES6 are going to be quite massive for modern web development world. Among these features it’s possible to highlight such features as block-scoped variables, constants, arrows, string interpolation, classes, modules, and others.

The latest version of JavaScript is quickly gaining support in modern browsers. Microsoft Edge 13 supports nearly 80% of ES6 features. This year, other popular browsers like Chrome and Firefox, are also going to support ES6 features.  Meanwhile, developers can use the majority of ES6 features by using a transpiler, such as Babel, to compile ES6 code into fully compatible ES5 JavaScript.

2. Domination of Backend as a Service (BaaS)

baas

Modern development will continue to move away from creating fully enclosed, totally self-managed applications. Rather software development will move on to utilizing third-party services to handle large amounts of data of within a project, such as cloud storage, task management, push notifications, and user administration.

Backend as a Service (BaaS) – a single definition for such services and tools, and their popularity will increase for sure, particularly in the enterprise segment. With BaaS, such as Parse, engineering and operating teams can focus on increasing the competitiveness of a company while baseline features and expenses associated with them are handled by another party entirely.

3. Simple image management and deployment

server_optimization

Although Backend as a Service provides developers with an ability to link projects to cloud storage and social networking APIs, many projects still will rely on localized development stacks and well-managed servers. Unfortunately, server provisioning is difficult and time-consuming.

Such services as Packer and Docker will allow engineers to quickly generate machine images with different versions of OS, libraries, languages, and frameworks. Such machine images, called containers, are easily developed to expand existing servers or quickly to create the new one.

4. Increased emphasis on functional programming languages

scala

Modern applications are requiring more and more network bandwidth, storage and processing, so it’s becoming clear that single-machine models cannot match these requirements. In that case functional programming languages, like Haskell, Clojure, Scala and Erlang, are becoming more popular. Thus, there is an increasing need for developers with knowledge of such coding languages.

If a developer knows that the data and functions won’t be changed during some execution, then the application can benefit from the increased scale of using functional language.

Object-oriented programming will remain to play a great role in the IT industry, but as users expect to get faster search results and researchers expect to get more accurate calculations, functional programming is going to become more widely-used.

5. Material Design and commonality of patterns

material_design

Never mind the fact that flat design has been all the rage in the recent years, 2016 may bring a focus toward material design.

Apple has been a big supporter of flat design, Microsoft got there 10 years ago by introducing the “Metro” design, and later Windows Phone 7 and Windows 10. But Google is launching the trend of material design. With three-dimensional depth effects such as gradients and lighting design, this new look sends back to digital components.

Summary

This will be an interesting year for web software, from the bottom foundation technologies to the user’s experience. With release of ECMAScript 6, the most popular coding language will be updated. With BaaS and deployment containers, the costs for server provisioning and management will be decreased and functional languages are becoming the mainstream. Material design will gradually modify the UI across different devices.

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